#ArcGIS, #SHP, #GIS
Shapefile is an open specification developed by ESRI for storing and exchanging data. A shapefile consists of a collection of files all with the same base name. At a minimum, there are three basic files required for a valid shapefile. They include .shp, .shx and .dbf files. However, they can be as many as 15 different files.
- .shp, it contains the geometry information. This is with respect to point, line or polygon.
- .shx, this is the shape index file. It references the geometry for faster access.This means that this file is meaningless without .shp file.
- .dbf, this is the database file. It contains the geometry attributes. The .dbf files can be opened by most types of spreadsheet software.
- .prj, it contains the projection information in Well-Known Text format and is required for on-the-fly projection by most GIS software.
- .sbn, it is the spatial bin file, Shapefile spatial…
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